Some time ago I wrote about Linux agent from CloudBerry Lab. This time I want to pack all together and show advanced capabilities of AWS.
When we launch AWS EC2 (compute instance in the cloud) we may want to have something pre-installed (or pre-done) before we get into this VM and start working. Let me give you an example. I do launch instances with Linux OS quite often for various reason (customer's demo, testing applications, testing software etc) and I want to have number of steps without my intervention after launch. To be precise I need my software installed when I SSH into my either CentOS or Debian. Think wide now, don't be locked in my software. Use anything you'd love to have. Well this is good article on how to have PHP installed. In my article I'd like to have CBL for Linux installed with storage configured and backup plan scheduled. Sound cool, right? Let's do it.
Command Line steps
We just need the following things:
- Update system and Linux distributive (well, this is optionally, but I still prefer to do this since I want to make sure I have all security patches and fixes applied to my system)l
- Change directory my
~ (I will do Ubuntu 16.04 out of marketplace of AMI), so I will be working with
curl binaries from vendor's website;
- Install using package manage (dpkg);
- Setup storage account (using software's CLI);
- Add default backup plan (same as above, CLI) with schedule.
Sounds clear. Here is my script example for AWS EC2 user data:
passwd ubuntu << EOF
apt-get update -y
curl -# -o cloudberry-backup.deb \
-F "__EVENTTARGET=" \
-F "prod=cbbub1214" \
dpkg -i cloudberry-backup.deb
Let's take a look at the above snippet closer. We elevate permissions to
root and change password for our default user
ubuntu to Pa$$w0rd. We then proceed with system updates and jump into our home directory for binaries download. My
curl command gets binaries from CloudBerry Lab website. Finally I install my package using
dpkg default package manager! This should be enough to have CBL Backup for Linux installed when EC2 launched. In order to manage it through CLI change your directory to
cd /opt/local/CloudBerry Backup/bin/ and pick any of the below attributes:
CloudBerry Backup Command Line Interface started
CloudBerry Backup Commands Help:
addBackupPlan - Create a new plan to backup files to cloud storage
addRestorePlan - Create a new plan to restore files from cloud storage
editBackupPlan - Edit an existing backup plan
editRestorePlan - Edit an existing resetore plan
getPlanDetails - Get plan details
plan - Run custom plan now | list plans
changePlanState - Change state
deletePlan - Delete plan
addAccount - Add backup destination storage
editAccount - Edit account
deleteAccount - Delete account
account - Account list
option - Set default option
sendLog - Send Error Report
saveLog - Save Error Report
exportConfig - Export backup configuration to the specific file
importConfig - Import backup configuration from the file
version - Version
activateLicense - activate license
releaseLicense - release current license
./cbb activateLicense -e email -t "ultimate/pro" for example. This is trial license request, check official command line interface user guide for further details.
CloudBerry Backup web interface
With release of CBL for Linux 2.1 it comes with web interface what significantly simplifies product management. Make sure you have 43210 port available (check your security group for your EC2). You can change this port later in the UI. If it is available, open up your favorite browser and type IP-of-your-EC2:43210. This should bring you to the login page, where you should use your system user name and password (ubuntu and Pa$$w0rd).
Now, if you'd like to change default ports to something else, check this part of options:
That's it! Hope it helps someone with EC2 protection!
If all above did not make anything, you may want to troubleshoot your script by checking logs (of course you need SSH into this instance). Logs are in
/var/log/. This is what I usually do (since system update may take some time I have enough time to SSH and do
tail -f /var/log/cloud-init-output.log
If you need the same for Windows, please do check this article.