Most of the posts highlight what I am focused on and express work and personal experience. Reason I put them here - recall later or help someone else with similar challenge.
Some time ago I wrote about Linux agent from CloudBerry Lab. This time I want to pack all together and show advanced capabilities of AWS.
When we launch AWS EC2 (compute instance in the cloud) we may want to have something pre-installed (or pre-done) before we get into this VM and start working. Let me give you an example. I do launch instances with Linux OS quite often for various reason (customer's demo, testing applications, testing software etc) and I want to have number of steps without my intervention after launch. To be precise I need my software installed when I SSH into my either CentOS or Debian. Think wide now, don't be locked in my software. Use anything you'd love to have. Well this is good article on how to have PHP installed. In my article I'd like to have CBL for Linux installed with storage configured and backup plan scheduled. Sound cool, right? Let's do it.
We just need the following things:
~(I will do Ubuntu 16.04 out of marketplace of AMI), so I will be working with
curlbinaries from vendor's website;
Sounds clear. Here is my script example for AWS EC2 user data:
#!/bin/bash sudo su passwd ubuntu << EOF Pa$$w0rd Pa$$w0rd EOF apt-get update -y cd ~ curl -# -o cloudberry-backup.deb \ -F "__EVENTTARGET=" \ -F "prod=cbbub1214" \ https://www.cloudberrylab.com/download-thanks.aspx dpkg -i cloudberry-backup.deb
Let's take a look at the above snippet closer. We elevate permissions to
root and change password for our default user
ubuntu to Pa$$w0rd. We then proceed with system updates and jump into our home directory for binaries download. My
curl command gets binaries from CloudBerry Lab website. Finally I install my package using
dpkg default package manager! This should be enough to have CBL Backup for Linux installed when EC2 launched. In order to manage it through CLI change your directory to
cd /opt/local/CloudBerry Backup/bin/ and pick any of the below attributes:
./cbb CloudBerry Backup Command Line Interface started CloudBerry Backup Commands Help: addBackupPlan - Create a new plan to backup files to cloud storage addRestorePlan - Create a new plan to restore files from cloud storage editBackupPlan - Edit an existing backup plan editRestorePlan - Edit an existing resetore plan getPlanDetails - Get plan details plan - Run custom plan now | list plans changePlanState - Change state deletePlan - Delete plan addAccount - Add backup destination storage editAccount - Edit account deleteAccount - Delete account account - Account list option - Set default option sendLog - Send Error Report saveLog - Save Error Report exportConfig - Export backup configuration to the specific file importConfig - Import backup configuration from the file version - Version activateLicense - activate license releaseLicense - release current license
./cbb activateLicense -e email -t "ultimate/pro" for example. This is trial license request, check official command line interface user guide for further details.
With release of CBL for Linux 2.1 it comes with web interface what significantly simplifies product management. Make sure you have 43210 port available (check your security group for your EC2). You can change this port later in the UI. If it is available, open up your favorite browser and type IP-of-your-EC2:43210. This should bring you to the login page, where you should use your system user name and password (ubuntu and Pa$$w0rd).
Now, if you'd like to change default ports to something else, check this part of options:
That's it! Hope it helps someone with EC2 protection!
If all above did not make anything, you may want to troubleshoot your script by checking logs (of course you need SSH into this instance). Logs are in
/var/log/. This is what I usually do (since system update may take some time I have enough time to SSH and do
tail -f /var/log/cloud-init-output.log
If you need the same for Windows, please do check this article.